# Colorings avoiding monochromatic subgraphs- minimizing sum of colors

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Ewa Kubicka

University of Louisville

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Grzegorz Kubicki

University of Louisville, USA, and University of Opole, Poland

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Kathleen McKeon

Connecticut College

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**Minisymposium:**
VERTEX COLOURINGS AND FORBIDDEN SUBGRAPHS

**Content:**
Given graphs $G$ and $H$, a vertex coloring $c:V(G) \rightarrow \mathbb{N}$ is an $H$-free coloring of $G$ if no color class contains a subgraph isomorphic to $H$. The $H$-free chromatic number of $G$, $\chi(H,G)$, is the minimum number of colors in an $H$-free coloring of $G$. The $H$-free chromatic sum of $G$, $\Sigma(H,G)$, is the minimum value achieved by summing the vertex colors of each $H$-free coloring of $G$. We discuss the computational complexity of finding this parameter for different choices of $H$ and prove exact formulas for some graphs $G$. For every integer $k$ and for every graph $H$, we construct families of graphs, $G_k$ with the property that $k$ more colors than $\chi(H,G)$ are required to realize $\Sigma(H,G)$ for $H$-free colorings. More complexity results and constructions of graphs requiring extra colors are given for planar and outerplanar graphs.