On the Anti-Forcing Number of Fullerene Graphs

Heping Zhang
Lanzhou University



Content: The anti-forcing number of a connected graph $G$ is the smallest number of edges such that the remaining graph obtained by deleting these edges has a unique perfect matching. In this paper, we show that the anti-forcing number of every fullerene has at least four. We give a procedure to construct all fullerenes whose anti-forcing numbers achieve the lower bound four. Furthermore, we show that, for every even $n\geq 20$ ($n\neq 22, 26$), there exists a fullerene with $n$ vertices that has the anti-forcing number four, and the fullerene with 26 vertices has the anti-forcing number five.

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